Gastric reduction surgery is a general term. In short, it is a concept that includes bariatric surgeries. In other words, there are many different gastric reduction surgeries, and in this article, we will provide information about The 5 Most Preferred Gastric Reduction (Obesity) Surgery Types. These types of surgeries are not optional surgeries. The person who will decide which surgery is right for you is your surgeon. Your body type, weight, health status, age and even gender are the decisively factors for choosing between these types of surgery.
Restrictive obesity surgeries
Obesity surgeries can be of the restrictive type, where the volume of the stomach is reduced, or of the restrictive and absorption-reducing type, which aims to reduce the volume of the stomach and reduce the intake of nutrients and calories. Which surgery will be performed is decided by discussing the patient’s body mass index, comorbidities, success rates and risks in detail. There is no obesity surgery that is considered the general standard. However, in recent years, tube stomach surgery has become the most practiced method. However, the surgeon will make recommendations to the patient on the choice of surgery, taking into account the characteristics of the patient. For example, in a patient with severe gastroesophageal reflux, Roux-en-Y gastric bypass may be the first choice. In short; The 5 Most Preferred Gastric Reduction (Obesity) Surgery Types can be preferred depends on many factors and is variable.
Restrictive and malabsorbtive (Malabsorbtive) Obesity Surgeries
The best example of such methods is gastric bypass surgery. It is one of the most effective methods used in morbid obesity surgery. But since it is technically a heavy operation, it requires a very experienced team. It is an irreversible technique, as the direction of flow of the stomach and intestines is changed. In addition to reducing the volume of the stomach, the digestive tract through which food passes is also changed October which is aimed at reducing absorption. Because type 2 diabetes is better controlled in these types of surgeries, they are also called sugar surgery or metabolic surgery. There are many types of metabolic surgery that are accepted today. Which surgery is appropriate depends on the patient or the surgeon’s habits.
Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy (Tube Stomach Operation)
Tube Gastric Surgery (Sleeve Gastrectomy) is performed by laparoscopic (closed) method and under general anesthesia. It is the most frequently applied obesity surgery method especially in the recent period. From an average distance of 3 to 6 cm from the pylorus, the stomach is formed into a tube up to the esophagus with the support of special instruments. It is technically one of the best surgeries and one of the best among bariatric surgeries. After the procedure, which takes about 45 minutes, about 75-80% of the stomach is removed. Tube stomach surgery helps to lose weight through 3 mechanisms.
Laparoscopic Gastric Bypass (Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass) (Stomach Bypass)
It is one of the most preferred surgeries among The 5 Most Preferred Gastric Reduction (Obesity) Surgery Types. Gastric Bypass refers to the creation of a passageway from the stomach to the intestines in general surgery. It is a method applied in various diseases that clogs the gastric outlet. Among the obesity surgeries, in Gastric Bypass surgery, a large part of the stomach is removed and the food taken is digested with half of the intestines. In this surgery, an important part of the duodenum is canceled and the remaining small part is connected to the stomach and intestines. It is aimed that both the amount of food consumed decreases and the absorption of the food taken is minimal. Gastric bypass surgery performed laparoscopically is performed with special tools through 5-6 small holes drilled into the abdominal skin. It takes an average of 2 hours. Patients become able to stand up 3-4 hours after the end of the operation. It can be discharged after 3-5 days.
Another name for this operation is Duodenal Switch (DS or BPD-DS). It is commonly called as Biliopancreatic Diversion. It has a very small proportion of all obesity surgeries. It is a rare operation. It is often an option in revisions. In this operation, the stomach is reduced in the same way as in sleeve gastrectomy. After that, the small intestine is cut 2-3 cm ahead of the stomach exit and closed to the food entrance. The duodenum connected with the stomach is connected to each other by the small intestine, which is brought from below compared to other surgeries. Thus, the volume of the stomach is reduced and the intake of food is reduced. However, because the amount of the small intestine that has been bypassed is too large, food absorption is also significantly reduced. It is more weight-losing than other bypass methods. It is also effective, although not as effective as ileal interposition in diabetes control. However, due to the fact that a serious malabsorption disorder that is not seen in ileal interposition surgery, known as diabetes surgery, is seen in duodenal switch surgery, the patient needs vitamin mineral and protein supplements for life.
Non-surgical Obesity Treatment Types
If your doctor absolutely recommends a surgical method, he will choose the most appropriate type of surgery among The 5 Most Preferred Gastric Reduction (Obesity) Surgery Types. Since calorie intake should be restricted in order for the patient to lose weight, the most common practice that does not require surgical intervention from the methods that will help it is the application of a gastric balloon. The swallowed gastric balloon has the same effect as the endoscopic gastric balloon. It takes up space in the stomach, restricts food intake and allows a person to lose weight by eating less with a constant feeling of satiety.
If you want to get information about obesity surgeries and find out which surgery is suitable for you, call us now and we will give you detailed information. Let’s make your first appointment immediately and recommend the most appropriate treatment method according to your body analysis.